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android获取Mac地址和IP地址

获取Mac地址实际项目中测试了如下几种方法:
(1)设备开通Wifi连接,获取到网卡的MAC地址(但是不开通wifi,这种方法获取不到Mac地址,这种方法也是网络上使用的最多的方法)

//根据Wifi信息获取本地Mac
     public static String getLocalMacAddressFromWifiInfo(Context context){
         WifiManager wifi = (WifiManager) context.getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);
         WifiInfo info = wifi.getConnectionInfo();
         return info.getMacAddress();
     }

(2)调用Linux的busybox,通过linux命令来获取

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//根据busybox获取本地Mac
     public static String getLocalMacAddressFromBusybox(){
         String result = "";
         String Mac = "";
         result = callCmd("busybox ifconfig","HWaddr");
         //如果返回的result == null,则说明网络不可取
         if(result==null){
             return "网络出错,请检查网络";
         }
         //对该行数据进行解析
         //例如:eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:16:E8:3E:DF:67
         if(result.length()>0 && result.contains("HWaddr")==true){
             Mac = result.substring(result.indexOf("HWaddr")+6, result.length()-1);
             Log.i("test","Mac:"+Mac+" Mac.length: "+Mac.length());
             /*if(Mac.length()>1){
                 Mac = Mac.replaceAll(" ", "");
                 result = "";
                 String[] tmp = Mac.split(":");
                 for(int i = 0;i<tmp.length;++i){
                     result +=tmp[i];
                 }
             }*/
             result = Mac;
             Log.i("test",result+" result.length: "+result.length());
         }
         return result;
     }
     private static String callCmd(String cmd,String filter) {
         String result = "";
         String line = "";
         try {
             Process proc = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(cmd);
             InputStreamReader is = new InputStreamReader(proc.getInputStream());
             BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader (is);
             //执行命令cmd,只取结果中含有filter的这一行
             while ((line = br.readLine ()) != null && line.contains(filter)== false) {
                 //result += line;
                 Log.i("test","line: "+line);
             }
             result = line;
             Log.i("test","result: "+result);
         }
         catch(Exception e) {
             e.printStackTrace();
         }
         return result;
     }
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(3)调用android 的API: NetworkInterface. getHardwareAddress ()
该API的level为9,只有android 2.3以上才有该接口

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//根据IP获取本地Mac
     public static String getLocalMacAddressFromIp(Context context) {
         String mac_s= "";
        try {
             byte[] mac;
             NetworkInterface ne=NetworkInterface.getByInetAddress(InetAddress.getByName(getLocalIpAddress()));
             mac = ne.getHardwareAddress();
             mac_s = byte2hex(mac);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
         return mac_s;
     }
     public static  String byte2hex(byte[] b) {
          StringBuffer hs = new StringBuffer(b.length);
          String stmp = "";
          int len = b.length;
          for (int n = 0; n < len; n++) {
           stmp = Integer.toHexString(b[n] & 0xFF);
           if (stmp.length() == 1)
            hs = hs.append("0").append(stmp);
           else {
            hs = hs.append(stmp);
           }
          }
          return String.valueOf(hs);
         }
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其中getLocalIpAddress是获取本地IP地址

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//获取本地IP
     public static String getLocalIpAddress() {
            try {
                for (Enumeration<NetworkInterface> en = NetworkInterface
                                .getNetworkInterfaces(); en.hasMoreElements();) {
                            NetworkInterface intf = en.nextElement();
                           for (Enumeration<InetAddress> enumIpAddr = intf
                                    .getInetAddresses(); enumIpAddr.hasMoreElements();) {
                                InetAddress inetAddress = enumIpAddr.nextElement();
                                if (!inetAddress.isLoopbackAddress()) {
                                return inetAddress.getHostAddress().toString();
                                }
                           }
                        }
                    } catch (SocketException ex) {
                        Log.e("WifiPreference IpAddress", ex.toString());
                    }
                 return null;
    }
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获取本地IP地址
在网络上搜索一下,一般就有如下的代码:

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//获取本地IP
     public static String getLocalIpAddress() {
            try {
                for (Enumeration<NetworkInterface> en = NetworkInterface
                                .getNetworkInterfaces(); en.hasMoreElements();) {
                            NetworkInterface intf = en.nextElement();
                           for (Enumeration<InetAddress> enumIpAddr = intf
                                    .getInetAddresses(); enumIpAddr.hasMoreElements();) {
                                InetAddress inetAddress = enumIpAddr.nextElement();
                                if (!inetAddress.isLoopbackAddress()) {
                                return inetAddress.getHostAddress().toString();
                                }
                           }
                        }
                    } catch (SocketException ex) {
                        Log.e("WifiPreference IpAddress", ex.toString());
                    }
                 return null;
    }
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但是经过测试该方法在android2.3, 2.2…较老版本有效,但是在android较新版本(例如4.0等)获取的数据不正确。
获取到了类似fe80::b607:f9ff:fee5:487e..这样的IP地址。经过一番努力,终于找出原因。
上面的IP地址是IPV6的地址形式(大概这个意思,具体没有太深入研究)。解决方法是,在上面代码中的最内层的for循环的if语句中对inetAddress进行格式判断,只有其是IPV4格式地址时,才返回值。修改后代码如下:(下面的方法也是网络上的方法,没有结果验证)

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public String getLocalIpAddress() {
        try {
            String ipv4;
            List  nilist = Collections.list(NetworkInterface.getNetworkInterfaces());
            for (NetworkInterface ni: nilist)
            {
                List  ialist = Collections.list(ni.getInetAddresses());
                for (InetAddress address: ialist){
                    if (!address.isLoopbackAddress() && InetAddressUtils.isIPv4Address(ipv4=address.getHostAddress()))
                    {
                        return ipv4;
                    }
                }
            }
        } catch (SocketException ex) {
            Log.e(LOG_TAG, ex.toString());
        }
        return null;
    }
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网络上还有一种方法来获取本地IP地址(不过是在wifi状态下)
通过WifiManager, DhcpInfo获取IP地址以及网关等信息(在android4.0等版本也适用)

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package com.jason.demo.androidip;
import android.content.Context;
import android.net.DhcpInfo;
import android.net.wifi.WifiInfo;
import android.net.wifi.WifiManager;
import android.text.format.Formatter;
public class IPAddress {
    public String getIPAddress(Context ctx){
        WifiManager wifi_service = (WifiManager) ctx.getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);
        DhcpInfo dhcpInfo = wifi_service.getDhcpInfo();
        WifiInfo wifiinfo = wifi_service.getConnectionInfo();
        System.out.println("Wifi info----->"+wifiinfo.getIpAddress());
        System.out.println("DHCP info gateway----->"+Formatter.formatIpAddress(dhcpInfo.gateway));
        System.out.println("DHCP info netmask----->"+Formatter.formatIpAddress(dhcpInfo.netmask));
        //DhcpInfo中的ipAddress是一个int型的变量,通过Formatter将其转化为字符串IP地址
        return Formatter.formatIpAddress(dhcpInfo.ipAddress);
    }
}
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加入permission
<uses-permission android:name=”android.permission.ACCESS_WIFI_STATE”/>

 

不过我自己在做项目过程中,用另外一种方法也解决了android4.0获取IP错误的问题:

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//获取本地IP
     public static String getLocalIpAddress() {
            try {
                for (Enumeration<NetworkInterface> en = NetworkInterface
                                .getNetworkInterfaces(); en.hasMoreElements();) {
                            NetworkInterface intf = en.nextElement();
                           for (Enumeration<InetAddress> enumIpAddr = intf
                                    .getInetAddresses(); enumIpAddr.hasMoreElements();) {
                                InetAddress inetAddress = enumIpAddr.nextElement();
                                if (!inetAddress.isLoopbackAddress() && !inetAddress.isLinkLocalAddress()) {
                                return inetAddress.getHostAddress().toString();
                                }
                           }
                        }
                    } catch (SocketException ex) {
                        Log.e("WifiPreference IpAddress", ex.toString());
                    }
                 return null;
    }
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参考博文:

http://www.cnblogs.com/Amandaliu/archive/2011/11/06/2238177.html
Android获取Mac地址

http://blog.csdn.net/ccf0703/article/details/7451274
解决安卓4.0获取本地IP地址问题。

http://blog.csdn.net/garybook/article/details/7874456
通过WifiManager,DhcpInfo获取android IP地址及网关等信息(两种方式)

http://blog.csdn.net/lizzydarcymsp/article/details/5623302
利用InetAddress类确定特殊IP地址 (isLinkLocalAddress,isLoopbackAddress等)

 

 

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